Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Scarlet Letter By Nathaniel Hawthorne - 1598 Words

Nathaniel Hawthorne s The Scarlet Letter incorporates numerous significant and imperative images. This gadget of imagery is depicted well in the novel, particularly through the red letter A. The An is the best illustration as a result of the adjustments in the significance all through the novel. In the start of the novel, the red letter An is seen as an image of sin. The center of the novel is a move period, where the red letter An is seen in an unexpected way. In the initiation of the novel, the letter is taken as a name of discipline and sin. Hester Prynne bears the mark of the letter upon her midsection. She remains as a mark of an outsider before society. She is wearing this image to weight her with†¦show more content†¦This infers that Hester s transgression of bearing a tyke without the vicinity of a spouse will dependably be recalled. Amidst the novel is a move period where the letter An is seen uniquely in contrast to some time recently. In this area of the novel, Hester s appearance is changed to where she is no more seen as a man of sin. The letter changes from an image of sin to a more unclear image. Society now sees Hester as a man who is solid yet bears an image which varies herself. As of right now, Hester has figured out how to manage the letter. She has become more grounded from it; she finds herself able to withstand the weights of society. As she develop more grounded, her identity turns out to be more restricted to being seen as a heathen. The letter s importance has changed, Scorn, by a progressive and calm procedure, will even be changed to adore, unless the change be obstructed by a persistently new aggravation of the first feeling of hostility(147). This foretells the future occasions of the novel. Another perspective of the letter is that it depicts blame. It depicts the blame of Dimmesdale, the father of Hester s youngster. Hester has learned to manage her discipline and become more grounded from it, yet Dimmesdale, who went unpunished and

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Treatment Of Trauma And How Yoga May Be An Integral...

The Adverse Childhood Experiences study, also known as ACE’s, was a huge breakthrough for preventative health care research. The partnership of Kaiser Permanente and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) produced one of the largest studies ever conducted to explore associations between childhood maltreatment (chronic and toxic stress from early adversity) and health and well-being throughout the lifespan. The study involves the data from over 17,000 participants collected from 1995 to 1997 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Although the study’s main findings were aimed at influencing the health care system, there remains a multitude of important implications for the treatment of trauma and how yoga may be an integral part of that care. Adverse Childhood Experiences are described as traumatic or stressful events that occur under the age of 18 years. Multiple categories of childhood emotional and physical abuse were considered including Abuse, Neglect, and Household Dysfunction, each with respective subsets of criteria. A questionnaire is used to determine a person’s â€Å"ACE Score.† Depending on how many questions they answer indicating that childhood trauma was present, a numerical figure is used as an index for their score (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). This score is useful for ranking them and their susceptibility to later problems in life due to childhood adversity . The findings of thisShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Denis Friske s Narrative Approach Essay1771 Words   |  8 Pageschild and youth care counselors do not dictate what they ought to do in their process of overcoming traumatic or crisis experiences but act as guidance figures in client’s lives towards their healing (Denis-Friske, 2014). As victims of abuse, giving people the time and space to create their own meanings in narrative making and focus on their inner character’s strength and resiliency, people are made experts of their own lives by authoring their own stories and taking into control how they want to perceiveRead MoreHolistic Approach14986 Words   |  60 PagesMeaning: Holistic approach to patient care incorporates the mental, emotional, physical and spiritual health of the individual. It explores the connection between mind, body, spirit and environment. Holistic healing includes a wide range of therapies with inherently complex philosophies about the prevention and treatment of illness. Questions still exist as to the safety of complementary and alternative medicine (otherwise known as CAM), which are an integral part of holistic healing and whether theyRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesmechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturers and sellers to distingu ish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designationsRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pages1 PART I 1 2 3 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 Developing Self-Awareness 45 Managing Personal Stress 105 Solving Problems Analytically and Creatively 167 PART II 4 5 6 7 INTERPERSONAL SKILLS 232 233 Building Relationships by Communicating Supportively Gaining Power and Influence 279 Motivating Others 323 Managing Conflict 373 PART III GROUP SKILLS 438 8 Empowering and Delegating 439 9 Building Effective Teams and Teamwork 489 10 Leading Positive Change 533 PART IV Read MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagesphase of the human experience, render it impervious to generalized pronouncements and difficult to conceptualize broadly. As the essays in this collection document in detail, paradox pervades the time span we call the twentieth century, no matter how it is temporally delineated. Never before in history, for example, had so many humans enjoyed such high standards of living, and never had so many been so impoverished or died of malnutrition and disease. If the period from the 1870s is included in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Strategic Fit - 5061 Words

Executive Summary Founded in the early 1960’s, Nike formerly known as Blue Ribbon Sport grew into one of the world’s most recognised brand. A leader in the field of sport clothing and footwear, Nike has always been one that encouraged innovation, creativity and growth. Outsourcing of its manufacturing processes, created an opportunity for Nike to realign itself and focus on its core competencies, doing what they do best research, development and advertise. By mid 1990’s the company began fighting attacks on its manufacturing practices in Asia, human rights and employee’s exploitation. The media sensationalised its overseas labor practices and their commitments to being socially responsible were questioned. In the wake of such†¦show more content†¦A value chain analysis can be use as a strategic tool for Nike to internally evaluate its processes and to see the advantage that Nike was able to gain from manufacturing in Asia. The value chain disaggregates a firm into strategically relevant activities in order to understand the behaviour of cost and the existing and potential sources of differentiation (Porter 1985, p.33). Porter (1985) suggested that it is at this level the company achieves competitive advantage, he classified the activities into two categories (Appendix II refers) primary giving the support and secondary activities that provide the infrastructure which enables the primary activities to take place. For Nike the inbound logistics, concern mainly with the sourcing of raw material, Asia provided Nike with a ready source of cheap raw material which was needed for the sophisticated composite soles, for example the air sole cushioning system, that was demanded in modern athletic shoe designs. Mechanization had not been considered effective for shoe manufacturing due to fragile materials used and to the short life span of styles (De Wit Mayer 2004 p.934). Nike maintained a virtual relationship with their subcontractor that allowed management to change contractors for lower cost and high quality. Operations started with production and ended with the subcontractor handing over ownership of the product to the next value chain participant. According to the case theShow MoreRelatedStrategic Fit1574 Words   |  7 PagesSTRATEGIC FIT – A STRATEGY TO ALIGN ORGANIZATION AND ENVIRONMENT Abstract This paper analyzes the term ‘strategic fit’ exactly means, types of strategic fit, necessities to focus on strategic fit, and most importantly how well an organization can align its resources capabilities with the opportunities that exist in the external environment so as to achieve peak performance in the business. Strategy of Nestlà © as an example to discuss how far it is true that effective strategic fit ensures organization’sRead MoreShrm and Strategic Fit6427 Words   |  26 PagesIntroduction ‘Strategic human resource management (SHRM) is concerned with the development and implementation of people strategies which are integrated with corporate strategies and ensure that the culture, values and structure of the organization and the quality, motivation and commitment of its members contribute fully to the achievement of its goals’ Armstrong (1991, p.81). While human resource management (HRM) focuses on the potential and actual productive value of ‘human resources’ (HR) toRead MoreThe Fit-Concept in Strategic Management Ââ€" an Inappropriate Idea for Companies in the 21st Century?7277 Words   |  30 PagesExecutive Summary The aim of this paper is confronted with the question of how the fit concept in strategic management is an appropriate idea or not for companies in the 21st century. After a short introduction about strategy which is defined by Michael E. Porter (1980), we will describe some basic concepts. Cited by Porter (1985, 1996) and Thomson/Strickland (1998), we find out that operational effectiveness is a helpful tool, but not enough for gaining competitive advantage. Strategies mustRead MoreInternational Game Technology ( Igt ) : Analysis Of Strategic Fit Between Supply Chain And Business Strategy2047 Words   |  9 PagesInternational Game Technology (IGT) – Analysis of Strategic fit between Supply chain and Business Strategy A company s competitive strategy clearly spells out the set of customer needs that it seeks to satisfy through its products and services having a defined set of attributes. The supply chain design or supply chain strategy must be in alignment with competitive strategy. A supply chain design can be taken up only after the competitive strategy is finalized and a supply chain needs to be redesignedRead MoreSupply Chain Strategy And Strategic Fit1454 Words   |  6 Pagesthe world within 48 hours.[2] Competitive Strategy †¦ Supply Chain Strategy and Strategic Fit â€Å"UPS s values, mission, and strategy statements provide guidance regarding our daily decisions. They make clear our priorities and encourage us to seize new opportunities. By following these principles, our actions are aligned to meet the needs of our company, people, customers, shareowners, and communities† [4] UPS’s Strategic fit is accomplished by matching their current resources and capabilities with theRead MoreStrategic Fit Analysis of Starbucks Coffee Company4151 Words   |  17 Pages1.0 INTRODUCTION This report deals with a Strategic Fit Analysis of Starbucks Coffee Company with focus on the United States Segment. Genus (1998) highlighted that strategic fit is the concept whereby strategy is a means for achieving a match between the external environment of an organisation and its internal capabilities, as part of a quest for establishing competitive advantage over rival competitors. The researcher will evaluate the market environment that Starbucks occupies as wellRead MoreFord Motor Company: Supply Chain Management and Strategic Fit3663 Words   |  15 Pagesï » ¿Ford Motor Company Supply Chain Management and Strategic Fit University of Arkansas Fall Second Session 2011 Supply Chain Management for Operations Managers Written by: Albert Carter For: Instructor Nia Wright December 9, 2011 Abstract This report covers the performance of Ford Motor Company over the past 10 years and analyzes the results of its â€Å"One Ford† business plan. The main question this report answers is whether Ford’s resent actions match the supply chain strategy of theRead MoreDesign and Implementation of Sets of Strategic Human Resource Management Practices 1694 Words   |  7 PagesThe design and implementation of sets of strategic human resource practices continues to lack coherence and consistency, primarily because the concept of fit is still so little understood. Strategic human resource management refers to managing people in organizations proactively, such that it helps a business gain competitive edge. It is directed by the organizational strategy, as opposed to human resource management which aims to on better management of people only. SHRM is gaining widespreadRead MoreLink Between Strategic Management and Leadership1199 Words   |  5 Pagesbetween HRM and strategic management of the organization, was a paradigm shift. The strategic business partner model emphasized the proper integration or fit of HR practices with the business strategies of the organization, to generate a competitive advantage. Vertical link between business strategy and HR strategies and horizontal links among HR strategies Strategic Human Resource Management is the practice of aligning business strategy with that of HR practices to achieve the strategic goals ofRead MoreOperational Effectiveness Is Not Strategy1123 Words   |  5 Pagesif we perform particular activities more efficiently than competitors and we have to look from all a company’s activities, not only a few. Operational effectiveness (OE) means performing similar activities better than rivals perform them, while Strategic positioning means performing different activities from rivals’ or performing similar activities in different ways. When companies try to improve its operational effectiveness, such as TQM, it requires capital investment, different personnel, or simply

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Nature Orations free essay sample

Alms,  alms,  alms. Spare me a  piece of  bread. Spare me your mercy. I am a child so young, so thin, and so ragged. Why are you staring at me? With my eyes I cannot see but I know that you are all staring at me. Why are you whispering to one another? Why? Do you know my mother? Do you know  my father? Did you know me five years ago? Yes, five years of bitterness have passed. I can still remember the vast happiness mother and I shared with each other. We were very happy indeed. Suddenly, five loud knocks were heard on the door and a deep silence ensued. Did the cruel Nippon’s discover our peaceful home? Mother ran to Father’s side pleading. â€Å"Please, Luis, hide in the cellar, there in the cellar where they cannot find you,† I pulledmy father’s arm but he did not move. We will write a custom essay sample on Nature Orations or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It seemed as though his feet were glued to the floor. The door went â€Å"bang† and before us five ugly beasts came barging in. â€Å"Are you Captain Luis Santos? † roared the ugliest of them all. â€Å"Yes,† said  my father. â€Å"You are under arrest,† said one of the beasts. They pulled father roughly away from us. Father was not given a chance to bid us goodbye. We followed them mile after mile. We were hungry and thirsty. We saw group of Japanese eating. Oh, how our mouths watered seeing the  delicious  fruits they were eating, Then suddenly, we heard a voice call, â€Å"Consuelo. . . . Oscar. . . . Consuelo. . . . Oscar. . . . Consuelo. . . . Oscar. . . .† we ran towards the direction of the voice, but it was too late. We saw father hanging on a tree. . . . dead. Oh, it was terrible. He had been badly beaten before he died. . . . and I cried vengeance, vengeance, vengeance! Everything went black. The next thing I knew I was nursing my poor invalid mother. One day, we heard the church bell ringing â€Å"ding-dong, ding-dong! † It was a sign for us to find a shelter in our hide-out, but I could not leave my invalid mother, I tried to show her the way to the hide-out. Suddenly, bombs started falling; airplanes were roaring overhead, canyons were firing from everywhere. â€Å"Boom, boom, boom, boom! † Mother was hit. Her legs were shattered into pieces. I took her gently in my arms and cried, â€Å"I’ll have vengeance, vengeance! † â€Å"No, Oscar. Vengeance, it’s God’s,† said mother. But I cried out vengeance. I was like a pent-up volcano. â€Å"Vengeance is mine not the Lord’s†. â€Å"No, Oscar. Vengeance is not ours, it’s God’s† these were the words from my mother before she died. Mother  was dead  and I was blind. Vengeance is not ours? To forgive is divine but vengeance is  sweeter. That was five years ago, five years. . . . Alms,  alms,  alms. Spare me a  piece of  bread. Spare me your mercy. I am a child so young, so thin, and so ragged. Vengeance is not ours, it’s God’s. . . . It’s. . . . God’s. . It’s†¦

Monday, April 13, 2020

Religious grievances rather than political and social discontent explain why rebellions broke out in England in both 1549 and 1554 Essay Example

Religious grievances rather than political and social discontent explain why rebellions broke out in England in both 1549 and 1554 Essay In 1549, two rebellions broke out in England, the Kets and the Western (Prayer Book) rebellion. There was no single cause of these rebellions. Religious, political and social factors all intertwined to create distress resulting in the rebellions. Religious policies initiated by Somerset continued to make their impact of the country. The prayer book rebellion was a catholic rebellion so religion was obviously important. The Kets rebellion was against rising rents, entry fines and over grazing of the common lands. This shows how social discontent may be the reason they broke out. In 1554, Wyatts rebellion broke out which publicly was against the Spanish marriage. However there were underlying religious factors as well. Source A only touches on religious reasons because the main causes of the rebellion were rising rents, entry fines and over grazing of the common lands. The debasing of the coinage led to the rising prices and social distress. It says We pray that all freeholders and copyholders may take the profits of all common lands and the Lords not to use the commons or take profits from the same. Lords using the commons led to overgrazing. This shows social discontent did help cause the rebellions. We will write a custom essay sample on Religious grievances rather than political and social discontent explain why rebellions broke out in England in both 1549 and 1554 specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Religious grievances rather than political and social discontent explain why rebellions broke out in England in both 1549 and 1554 specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Religious grievances rather than political and social discontent explain why rebellions broke out in England in both 1549 and 1554 specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The Kets rebels were against the enclosure of common lands but in East Anglia there had not been that much enclosure so it was just an excuse to rebel. Source A says that if priests and vicars were unable to preach the words of God then their parishioners should be able to choose another priest. This indicates they wanted to raise standards of the clergy so religious grievances was a factor in causing the Kets rebellion. However religion was not a main cause of the Kets rebellion. Kets rebels accepted the prayer book but would have liked it to be more radical so religious grievance wasnt important unlike in the Western. The Western rebellion resented the Prayer Book and was against the Edwardian reformation. They didnt like the fact the Prayer Book was written in English rather than Latin. They couldnt understand the London dialect. Source B says We will have the mass in Latin as before. Religious grievances rather than political and social discontent may explain the reasons for the Western rebellion breaking out but not all three of the rebellions. Source B also says how they want images in every church, dont want the new service and that Cardinal Pole should not only be freely pardoned but recalled from Rome. The rebels were of a lower class than the gentry and hated the government officials who were desecrating their churches. They wanted monastery lands to be restored. Even in the Western rebellion there was other factors leading to it but religion was very important. The economic and social distress was the reason the commons rebelled so readily against the Prayer Book. Source B only comments on religious factors but it was the clergy who drew up the rebels demands for the western rebellion so therefore are going to concentrate on the religious factors. In the year before the rebellions their had been a hot summer and crops had failed. Possibly 40% of the population lived on or below the poverty line. Things were made worse by price increases. The introduction of the sheep tax in Devon caused rioting because the commons couldnt afford to pay it. Source C says You ask for a relief (tax) granted to us by Parliament on cloth and shearing sheep to be remitted, saying we have no need for it. The king even recognises the dislike of it. The economic and social distress helped fuel the anger for the rebellions. There also was influence from political factors. There was intense unpopularity of the governments agent, William Body who was eventually killed of the 6th April. He was disliked as identified with the new religious policy so religious factors are important as well. The sources are only about the Kets and Western rebellion not Wyatts. The public aim of the Wyatts rebellion was to stop the Spanish marriage. However historian such as Fletcher and MacCulloch believe that religion was the reason why rebels wanted to stop Marys marriage. The rebellion was led by the reforming faction of Edwards reign which suggests religion was important. Wyatts couldnt use religious factors as the aim of the rebellion because this would split the country as some of the population was still Catholic. This would therefore limit his support. If Wyatts rebellion had been successful, Elizabeth would become Queen and she was Protestant anyway. Wyatts knew there was already wide-spread resentment of the Spanish marriage so used this to gain support. This indicates religious grievances do help explain why the Wyatts rebellion broke out. Some people thought the marriage was a political mistake as through the marriage she could give England away to a foreign empire. However the marriage treaty meant Philip had no power to rule England, he couldnt take Mary or their children out of the country without the consent of the council or drag England into Spanish wars. Also the nobility could resist the marriage to protect their own power and self-interest. Unlike the uprising in 1549, this was a political conspiracy among the elites and there was little popular support. The rebellion was led by Croft, Carew and Wyatt who all held important offices at court. They feared the Spanish influence would endanger their own careers. This shows political discontent helped to provoke the Wyatts rebellion. Overall, although religious grievances do help explain why rebellions broke out in 1549 and 1554, there are other important factors. Religious grievances were very important especially in the Kets and Wyatts rebellions but no single factor caused all the rebellions. Each rebellion started for different reasons. Poverty was worsening because of the debased coinage leading to inflation and price increases. This caused distress which help fuel the rebellions. Kets rebels accepted the pray book so religious grievances wasnt a main cause. The western rebellion resented the Prayer Book and was against the Edwardian reformation but the economic and social distress was the reason the commons rebelled so readily against the Prayer Book. For this rebellion religious grievances was an important factor in why it broke out but political and social discontent was also important. In Wyatts rebellion political discontent of the leaders, religion grievances and social discontent were all important for causing the rebellions. Religious, political and social factors all intertwined to create distress resulting in the rebellions.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Definition of Postzygotic Isolation in Evolution

Definition of Postzygotic Isolation in Evolution Speciation is the divergence of two or more lineages from a common ancestor. For speciation to occur, there must be some reproductive isolation that occurs between formerly reproducing members of the original ancestor species. While most of these reproductive isolations are prezygotic isolations, there are still some types of postzygotic isolation that leads to making sure the newly made species stay separate and do not converge back together. Before the postzygotic isolation can happen, there must be an offspring born from a male and female of two different species. This means there were no prezygotic isolations, like the fitting together of the sex organs or incompatibility of the gametes or differences in mating rituals or locations, that kept the species in reproductive isolation. Once the sperm and the egg fuse during fertilization in ​sexual reproduction, a diploid zygote is produced. The zygote then goes on to develop into the offspring that is born and hopefully will then become a viable adult. However, offspring of two different species (known as a hybrid) are not always viable. Sometimes they will self-abort before being born. Other times, they will be sickly or weak as they develop. Even if they make it to adulthood, a hybrid will most likely be unable to produce its offspring and therefore reinforce the concept that the two species are more suited to their environments as separate species as natural selection works on the hybrids. Below are the different types of postzygotic isolation mechanisms that reinforce the idea that the two species that created the hybrid are better off as separate species and should continue with evolution on their own paths. The Zygote Is Not Viable Even if the sperm and the egg from the two separate species can fuse during fertilization, that does not mean the zygote will survive. The incompatibilities of the gametes may be a product of the number of chromosomes each species has or how those gametes are formed during meiosis. A hybrid of two species that do not have compatible chromosomes in either shape, size, or number will often self-abort or not make it to full term. If the hybrid does manage to make it to birth, it often has at least one, and more likely multiple defects that keep it from becoming a healthy, functioning adult that can reproduce and pass down its genes to the next generation. Natural selection ensures that only the individuals with favorable adaptations survive long enough to reproduce. Therefore, if the hybrid form is not strong enough to survive long enough to reproduce, it reinforces the idea that the two species should stay separate. Adults of the Hybrid Species Are Not Viable If the hybrid can survive through the zygote and early life stages, it will become an adult. However, it does not mean that it will thrive once it reaches adulthood. Hybrids are often not suited for their environment the way a pure species would be. They may have trouble competing for resources such as food and shelter. Without the necessities of sustaining life, the adult would not be viable in its environment. Once again, this puts the hybrid at a distinct disadvantage evolution-wise, and natural selection steps in to correct the situation. Individuals that are not viable and not desirable will most likely not reproduce and pass down its genes to its offspring. This, again, reinforces the idea of speciation and keeping the lineages on the tree of life going in different directions. Adults of the Hybrid Species Are Not Fertile Even though hybrids are not prevalent for all species in nature, there are many hybrids out there that were viable zygotes and even viable adults. However, most animal hybrids are sterile at adulthood. Many of these hybrids have chromosome incompatibilities that make them sterile. So even though they survived development and are strong enough to make it to adulthood, they are not able to reproduce and pass down their genes to the next generation. Since, in nature, fitness is determined by the number of offspring an individual leaves behind and the genes are passed on, hybrids are usually considered unfit since they cannot pass down their genes. Most types of hybrids can only be made by the mating of two different species instead of two hybrids producing their own offspring of their species. For instance, a mule is a hybrid of a donkey and a horse. However, mules are sterile and cannot produce offspring, so the only way to make more mules is to mate more donkeys and horses.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Humanities through the arts - Architecture Essay

Humanities through the arts - Architecture - Essay Example JÃ ¸rn Oberg Utzon created the Sydney Opera House which is one of most recognizable buildings in the world. These men made architecture an art form. Gustave Eiffel’s most recognizable work is the Eiffel Tower. Eiffel created a skyscraper for the first time that did not religious meaning or a military purpose (Dupre 2001:16-17). The intricate patterns of iron work that make up the Eiffel Tower are constructed to hold up from the wind. The pattern is abstract with no significance except to be wind proof. This immense tower is dated 1889 (Dupre 2001:16). The measurement of the height is 968 ft, or 300 m. (Dupre 2001:16). This structure was at the time the tallest in the world. Eiffel created a true masterpiece. The Johnson Wax Administration Building and Research Tower was created for the Johnson and Son Corporation by Frank Lloyd Wright. Part of the building was finished in 1939, but construction continued until 1955 (Lipman 2003:111). This building only cost $750,000, which gave Wright a commission of $50,000 (Lipman 2003:142). The new building had ascetic curves along with practical spaces. All of the new amenities like air conditioning, elevators, and other conveniences were created for this wax company. The work space was directly above the rest rooms, break rooms, and lockers connected by a spiral stair (Lipman 2003:183). This building was modern architecture at its best. JÃ ¸rn Oberg Utzon designed the Sydney Opera House. This achievement in surreal architecture has given Utzon a placed on the world monument list. The wooden ceiling is suspended from the roof (Giedion 1967:680). Utzon used new surreal concepts and made them a reality. This created a building suitable for opera. The shells that are used on the Sydney Opera House allowed Utzon to come up with a unique structure. Although many of the spaces in the Sydney House are not functional, the building has been considered a masterpiece. These three structures are all famous. The Johnson Wax